هل هناك أي فوائد لتناول المكملات الغذائية الغنية بزيت السمك لعلاج الاكتئاب؟

إجابة من دانييال كي هال فلافين، (دكتور في الطب)

تقترح بعض الدراسات الخاصة بالبالغين أن الأحماض الدهنية أوميغا 3 قد تكون مفيدة في علاج الاكتئاب الخفيف والمتوسط، ولكن الأمر بحاجة إلى المزيد من الأبحاث.

زيت السمك مصدر جيد للأحماض الدهنية أوميغا 3 والتي تلعب دورًا هامًا في وظيفة المخ. قد يعاني الأشخاص المصابون بالاكتئاب من نقص مستويات مواد كيميائية في المخ تسمى حمض إيكوسابنتا إينويك (EPA) وحمض دوكوساهيكسينويك (DHA). تجد هذين الحمضين في زيت السمك.

تناول السمك عدة مرات في الأسبوع يمد جسمك بهذه الزيوت الصحية. من الأمثلة على السمك الذي يحتوي على نسبة عالية من أوميغا-3: السردين والسلمون والرنجة والتروتة (السلمون المُرقَّط) والتونة البيضاء المعلبة. بما أن بعض أنواع السمك تحتوي على مستويات أعلى من الزئبق بالمقارنة بغيرها، فاتبع توصيات إدارة الأغذية والأدوية الأمريكية (fda.gov)، وخاصة إذا كنتٍ حاملاً أو مرضعة.

صحيح أن الطعام الصحي هو الطريقة المثلى للحصول على المواد الغذائية، ولكن هذا مثال يوضح أن المكملات الغذائية قد تفيد. أوضحت بعض الدراسات أن الملوثات كالزئبق لا تتراكم في زيت السمك ولكنها تظل بشكل أساسي في لحم السمك. لهذا إن ساورك القلق بشأن الزئبق، قد يساعدك تناول المكملات الغذائية الغنية بزيت السمك في التخلص من الاكتئاب ولكن استشر طبيبك بخصوص ذلك.

على الرغم من أن استخدام زيت السمك آمن عمومًا، فإن تناول الكثير منه قد يرفع خطر إصابتك بالنزيف وقد يكبت استجابة جهازك المناعي، لذلك تناول المكملات الغذائية الغنية بزيت السمك تحت إشراف طبيب فقط.

لا يعد زيت السمك بديلاً لعلاج الاكتئاب ولكنه قد يكون مفيداً بجانب الأدوية المتاحة فقط بوصفة طبية أو العلاجات الأخرى. هناك حاجة إلى المزيد من الدراسات لتحديد الدور الذي يلعبه أوميغا 3 بالضبط في علاج الاكتئاب. قد تساعد المكملات الغذائية الغنية بزيت السمك في تقليل خطر الإصابة بالاكتئاب — كما تساعد الأحماض الدهنية أوميغا 3 في تقليل ارتفاع مستوى ثلاثي الجليسريدات المرتفعة وقد تساعد على حماية صحة القلب.

11/06/2019 See more Expert Answers

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