التعريف

By Mayo Clinic Staff

يعد كلاً من الغثيان والإقياء من العلامات والأعراض الشائعة التي يُمكن أن تنجم عن حالات عديدة. وينجم الغثيان والإقياء في أغلب الأحيان عن التهاب فيروسي يُصيب جهاز الهضم— ويُسمى بالخطأ الانفلونزا المعدة— أو غثيان الصباح (الوحام) خلال فترات الحمل المبكرة.

ويمكن أن تُؤدي العديد من الأدوية إِلى الغثيان والإقياء كما يُسبب ذلك أيضاً التخدير العام لدى الخضوع لعملية جراحية. وفي بعض الحالات النادرة قد يشير الغثيان والإقياء إِلى مشكلة صحية خطيرة، بل حتى إلى مشكلة تهدد الحياة.

20/06/2019

اطلع كذلك على

  1. 7 signs of endometriosis
  2. Acute coronary syndrome
  3. Acute hepatitis C infection
  4. Acute kidney failure
  5. Acute liver failure
  6. Addiction Takes Center Stage
  7. Addison's disease
  8. Adrenal fatigue: What causes it?
  9. Airplane ear
  10. Alcohol intolerance
  11. Alcohol poisoning
  12. Alcohol use disorder
  13. Alcoholic hepatitis
  14. Allergies
  15. Allergy medications: Know your options
  16. Allergy-proof your home
  17. Alpha-gal syndrome
  18. Amniotic fluid embolism
  19. Anaphylaxis
  20. Aneurysm Surgery
  21. Angina
  22. Anthrax
  23. Antibiotic-associated diarrhea
  24. Appendicitis
  25. Ascariasis
  26. Aspirin allergy
  27. Autoimmune hepatitis
  28. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
  29. Beating Ovarian Cancer
  30. Bee sting
  31. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
  32. Bezoars: How do they happen?
  33. Bile reflux
  34. Bird flu (avian influenza)
  35. Blastocystis hominis
  36. Blind loop syndrome
  37. Botulism
  38. Brain aneurysm
  39. Brain tumor
  40. 4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack
  41. Heart Failure
  42. How kidneys work
  43. Mayo Clinic - Holiday Heart Attack and Stroke Risk
  44. SCAD: A Disease-Specific, Social Networking Community-Initiated Study
  45. Bump on the head: When is it a serious head injury?
  46. C. difficile infection
  47. CA 125 test: A screening test for ovarian cancer?
  48. Calcium supplements: A risk factor for heart attack?
  49. Infertility and endometriosis
  50. Can I still experience endometriosis after menopause?
  51. Carbon monoxide poisoning
  52. Carcinoid tumors
  53. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
  54. Cardiogenic shock
  55. Castleman disease
  56. Celiac disease
  57. Celiac disease: Can gluten be absorbed through the skin?
  58. Celiac disease diet: How do I get enough grains?
  59. Chagas disease
  60. Chest pain
  61. Cholecystitis
  62. Cholera
  63. Choroid plexus carcinoma
  64. Chronic daily headaches
  65. Chronic kidney disease
  66. Chronic sinusitis
  67. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  68. Cirrhosis
  69. Colon polyps
  70. Concussion
  71. Concussion in children
  72. Concussion Recovery
  73. Concussion Telemedicine
  74. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  75. Constipation in children
  76. Coping with endometriosis pain
  77. Coping with side effects of hepatitis C drugs
  78. Coronary artery spasm: Cause for concern?
  79. Cryptosporidium infection
  80. Cyclic vomiting syndrome
  81. Cyclospora infection
  82. Day-to-day with endometriosis: Challenge your expectations
  83. Dengue fever
  84. Diabetes insipidus
  85. Diabetic coma
  86. Diabetic Gastroparesis
  87. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  88. Diabetic neuropathy
  89. Diabetic neuropathy and dietary supplements
  90. Types of diabetic neuropathy
  91. Diverticulitis
  92. Does honey really help with allergies?
  93. Drinking after hepatitis C cure: Is it safe?
  94. Drug allergy
  95. Dumping syndrome
  96. Dysphagia
  97. E. coli
  98. Ear infection (middle ear)
  99. Ear infection treatment: Do alternative therapies work?
  100. Early hepatitis C infection: How often does it become chronic?
  101. Ease the pain of diabetic neuropathy
  102. Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE): What is it?
  103. Ebola transmission: Can Ebola spread through the air?
  104. Ebola virus and Marburg virus
  105. Ectopic pregnancy
  106. Egg allergy
  107. Ehrlichiosis
  108. Encephalitis
  109. Endometriosis
  110. Endometriosis risk factors
  111. Endometriosis: Risk factor for ovarian cancer?
  112. Endometriosis: Treatment options
  113. Testing for endometriosis
  114. Enlarged liver
  115. Eosinophilic esophagitis
  116. Esophagitis
  117. Exercise headaches
  118. External Drive: Charles' Artificial Heart
  119. Eye vitamins: Can they prevent or treat glaucoma?
  120. Fainting during urination (micturition syncope): What causes it?
  121. Finding balance: Tips to manage life with endometriosis
  122. Flu masks
  123. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
  124. Flu vaccine: Safe for people with egg allergy?
  125. Food allergies: Labels
  126. Food allergy
  127. Food allergy later in life
  128. Food allergy or intolerance?
  129. Food poisoning
  130. Functional dyspepsia
  131. Gallbladder cancer
  132. Gastritis
  133. Gastroenteritis: First aid
  134. Gastroparesis
  135. Getting active after acute coronary syndrome
  136. Giardia infection (giardiasis)
  137. Glaucoma
  138. Glioma
  139. H. Pylori
  140. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection
  141. Hangover prevention: Do lighter colored drinks help?
  142. Hangovers
  143. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  144. Headaches 101: Know your type
  145. Headaches and hormones
  146. Headaches in children
  147. Headaches: Treatment depends on your diagnosis and symptoms
  148. Heart attack
  149. Heart attack prevention: Should I avoid secondhand smoke?
  150. Heart attack symptoms
  151. Heart Attack Timing
  152. Heart failure
  153. Heart failure and sex: Is it safe?
  154. Slide show: Heart-healthy eating after acute coronary syndrome
  155. Heat exhaustion
  156. Heatstroke
  157. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)
  158. Hemophilia
  159. Henoch-Schonlein purpura
  160. Hepatitis A
  161. Hepatitis B
  162. Hepatitis C
  163. Hepatitis C: How common is sexual transmission?
  164. Hepatitis C: What happens in end-stage liver disease?
  165. Hidden Heart Attack
  166. Hirschsprung's disease
  167. Holiday Heart
  168. Infographic: How heart-healthy people can suffer a heart attack
  169. Hydrocele
  170. Hypercalcemia
  171. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  172. Hyponatremia
  173. Indigestion
  174. Infant reflux
  175. Intestinal ischemia
  176. Intestinal obstruction
  177. Intracranial hematoma
  178. Intussusception
  179. Jellyfish stings
  180. Kawasaki disease
  181. Kidney stones
  182. Krabbe disease
  183. Lactose intolerance
  184. Preventing lead exposure
  185. Lead poisoning
  186. Legionnaires' disease
  187. Listeria infection
  188. Liver cancer
  189. Infographic: Liver Cancer
  190. Liver cysts: A cause of abdominal pain?
  191. Liver disease
  192. Liver hemangioma
  193. Liver transplant for hepatitis C
  194. Living better with endometriosis
  195. Living with Brain Tumors
  196. Long Term Brain Cancer Survivor
  197. Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  198. Low blood sodium in older adults: A concern?
  199. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for kidney disease?
  200. Malaria
  201. Managing diabetic neuropathy complications
  202. Managing Headaches
  203. Managing Meningitis
  204. Managing your self-esteem when you have endometriosis
  205. Marathon and the Heat
  206. Mayo Clinic Minute: Avoiding summer E. coli infection
  207. Mayo Clinic Minute: What you need to know about polyps in your colon
  208. Mayo Clinic Minute Meningitis 101 for college students
  209. Mayo Clinic Minute: Prevent migraines with magnetic stimulation
  210. Mayo Clinic Minute Weathering migraines
  211. MCAD deficiency
  212. Measles Virus as a Cancer Fighter
  213. Meningitis
  214. Menstrual cramps
  215. Mesenteric lymphadenitis
  216. Migraine
  217. Migraine medications and antidepressants
  218. Migraine treatment: Can antidepressants help?
  219. Infographic: Migraine Treatments: Botox & Nerve Blocking
  220. Migraines and gastrointestinal problems: Is there a link?
  221. Migraines and Vertigo
  222. Migraines: Are they triggered by weather changes?
  223. Alleviating migraine pain
  224. Milk allergy
  225. Molar pregnancy
  226. Infographic: Molecular Classification of Gliomas
  227. Morning sickness
  228. MRI: Is gadolinium safe for people with kidney problems?
  229. Multiple myeloma
  230. Infographic: Multiple Myeloma
  231. Myocardial ischemia
  232. Naegleria infection
  233. Nasal Cleaning
  234. Nasal spray addiction: Is it real?
  235. New Hep C Treatment
  236. New Test for Preeclampsia
  237. New Way to Fix Aneurysms
  238. Nighttime headaches: Relief
  239. Nocturnal panic attacks: What causes them?
  240. Norovirus infection
  241. NSAIDs: Do they increase my risk of heart attack and stroke?
  242. He's the bravest kid I've ever seen
  243. Occipital nerve stimulation: Effective migraine treatment?
  244. Ocular migraine: When to seek help
  245. Orchitis
  246. Orthostatic hypotension (postural hypotension)
  247. Ovarian cancer
  248. Ovarian cancer: Still possible after hysterectomy?
  249. Ovarian cancer vaccine: Can it prevent recurrence?
  250. Ovarian cysts
  251. Ovarian cysts and infertility: A connection?
  252. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  253. Pain Management
  254. Pancreatic cysts
  255. Pancreatitis
  256. Panic attacks and panic disorder
  257. Pap test: Can it detect ovarian cancer?
  258. Parvovirus infection
  259. Peanut allergy
  260. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  261. Peptic ulcer
  262. Peritonitis
  263. Pinworm infection
  264. Pituitary tumors
  265. Plague
  266. Polio
  267. Polymorphous light eruption
  268. Polymorphous Light Eruption
  269. Porphyria
  270. Postpartum preeclampsia
  271. Preeclampsia
  272. Preventing Kidney Stones
  273. Infographic: Proton Beam Brain Tumor
  274. Pseudomembranous colitis
  275. Pseudotumor cerebri
  276. Punk Guitarist Survives Brain Tumor
  277. Pyloric stenosis
  278. Q fever
  279. Radiation sickness
  280. Recurrent breast cancer
  281. Recurring strep throat: When is tonsillectomy useful?
  282. Endometriosis: Reduce pain during sex
  283. Renal diet for vegetarians
  284. Reye's syndrome
  285. Rhabdomyolysis
  286. Rocky Mountain spotted fever
  287. Rotavirus
  288. Ruptured eardrum (perforated eardrum)
  289. Salmonella infection
  290. Salt craving: A symptom of Addison's disease?
  291. SCAD 2 Social Media as a Lifesaving Link
  292. Scarlet fever
  293. Scrotal masses
  294. Self-care for the flu
  295. Shaken baby syndrome
  296. Shellfish allergy
  297. Silent heart attack
  298. Sleep disrupted by endometriosis? Try these tips
  299. Smallpox
  300. Social anxiety disorder
  301. Spider bites
  302. Spinal headaches
  303. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  304. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  305. Staph infections
  306. Stomach cancer
  307. Infographic: Stomach Cancer
  308. Stop your next migraine before it starts
  309. Strep throat
  310. Strep throat in infants: A common diagnosis?
  311. Stress and headaches: Stop the cycle
  312. Sudden cardiac arrest
  313. Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed
  314. Sulfa allergy
  315. Sun rash: Causes and prevention
  316. Swine flu (H1N1 flu)
  317. Symptom Checker
  318. Tapeworm infection
  319. Testicular torsion
  320. Thunderclap headaches
  321. Toxic hepatitis
  322. Toxic shock syndrome
  323. Traumatic brain injury
  324. Traveler's diarrhea
  325. Tularemia
  326. Vascular rings
  327. Vasovagal syncope
  328. Ventricular fibrillation
  329. Vertigo
  330. What causes endometriosis? Theories about how endo starts
  331. Heart failure action plan
  332. What is meant by the term heart age?
  333. What's the difference between H1N1 flu and influenza A?
  334. Wheat allergy
  335. Whooping cough
  336. Whooping cough
  337. Why isn't there a hepatitis C vaccine?
  338. Wilson's disease
  339. Endometriosis: Working with your doctor
  340. Yellow fever
  341. Fecal transplant treatment of C. difficile at Mayo Clinic
  342. Mayo Clinic study reporting increased incidence of C. difficile infection
  343. Effectively managing chronic kidney disease
  344. Mayo Clinic Research Finds Risk of Glaucoma Blindness Drops by Half
  345. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome