80% of the population will have low back pain in their lifetime.
25% report back pain in the past 3 months.
$100-200 billion annual cost to U.S. economy, two-thirds being lost wages and productivity.
Due to aging, genetics and wear over time, the joints of the spine may develop arthritis and cause pain and stiffness.
The soft material inside a disc can lose cells or become inflamed, causing low back pain. Disc bulge or rupture may press on a nerve, causing leg pain.
Sacroiliac joint pain
Located where your lower spine and pelvis connect, inflammation or wear over time can cause pain in the buttocks or back of the thigh.
Muscle and ligament strain
Repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement may cause strain of muscle and ligaments, causing painful back spasms.
Abnormal curves, defects or abnormal bone sizes in the spine can result in back pain.
Infection and tumor
Certain infections and tumors that affect the vertebra or spinal canal can cause back pain.
Most back pain will generally improve with physical therapy and time. Consider seeing your doctor if pain:
Sources: MayoClinic.org; Ninds.Nih.gov; Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.gov.
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